Nigeria, country located on the west coast of Africa. Nigeria has a varied geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. However, the most diverse feature of Nigeria is its inhabitants. Hundreds of languages ​​are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English. The country has abundant natural resources, especially large reserves of petroleum and natural gas.

The national capital is Abuja, in the Federal Capital Territory, which was established by decree in 1976. Lagos, the former capital, retains its status as the country's main commercial and industrial city.

Modern Nigeria dates back to 1914, when the British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria were merged. The country gained independence on October 1, 1960, and adopted a Republican constitution in 1963, but chose to remain a member of the Commonwealth.

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